Over the long term, companies and their employees are facing increasing demands from customers, business partners, as well as wider society, to behave ethically. As a result, there is a parallel increase in internal demands for an organization to behave ethically related to the performance management of employees and the support of employee motivation. These requirements increase the importance of a code of ethics as one of the main tools for promoting the ethical conduct of an organization. This article aims to highlight the main principles of the contents, creation and enforcement of a code of ethics in organizations and to verify their compliance in practice. This objective was achieved through a questionnaire survey (607 companies) which sought to determine the extent to which a code of ethics is used by Czech companies as a management tool, including differences in its usage in different types of organizations, as well as the frequency with which it is evaluated and whether comments are accepted and the code updated on the basis of such comments.
In this paper, the relations between shapes used in the contemporary vehicle design and their emotional impact are investigated. Based on an analysis of the existing theories for shaping and a selection of five main shapes applied in the vehicle design, experimental studies are presented to establish the correlation between emotional experiences and a predominant use of the selected shapes. Statistical analysis is derived to determine the intensity of the experienced product-emotions. It is found that two of the selected main shapes evoked intensively pleasant emotions, while the predominant use of one of the shapes in the vehicle design provokes mainly unpleasant emotions. This study provides tools that can be applied by practical product engineers in their understanding on the emotional effect of the contemporary vehicle design industry, and can be also used in the education and training on design strategies of new designers.